It is fun
and exciting, it keeps you fit and provides a huge sense of personal
achievement. It is also one of the world's fastest growing recreational
Challenge the body and mind with rock climbing and abseiling
adventures in one of the most beautiful areas.
Pakistan rock climbing trips range from single day courses for beginners
wanting to learn the basics of climbing to multi-day adventures for those
who've got the bug and want to climb more. The local rock type is schist, a
metamorphic rock infused with quartz crystals. This provides great friction
and positive edges. Crags range in height from 5m to 115m and the climbs are
mainly bolted sport routes but there are also plenty of traditional crack
What is rock climbing?
The climbing system is a general term for the techniques and equipment used
by roped climbers to protect themselves against injury or death if they
Climbers usually work in pairs, with one climbing and the other belaying.
The belayer feeds rope to the lead climber through a belay device. The
Leader climbs up, places protection, climbs higher and places protection
until the top is reached. The belayer is ready to lock off the rope if the
Both climbers attach the rope to their climbing harness, usually tying into
their harness with a figure-of-eight knot or double bowline knot. The leader
either places protection or clips into permanent protection already secured
to the rock. In traditional climbing the protection is removable. Usually
nuts or spring loaded camming devices are set in cracks in the rock
(although pitons are sometimes used). In sport climbing the protection is
metal loops called hangers. Hangers are secured to the rock with expanding
masonry bolts taken from the construction industry. In ice climbing the
protection is tubular ice-screws or similar devices hammered or screwed into
the ice by the leader and removed by the second.
The leader connects the rope to the protection with carabiners. If the
leader falls, he will fall twice the length of the rope out from the last
protection point, plus rope stretch (typically 5 to 8% of the rope out),
plus slack. If any of the gear breaks or pulls out of the rock or if the
belayer fails to lock off the belay device immediately, the fall will be
significantly longer. If a climber is 5 feet above the last protection he
will fall 5 feet to the protection, five feet below the protection, plus
slack and rope stretch. 5+5+2=12 foot fall.
If the leader falls, the belayer arrests the rope. This is achieved by
running the rope through a belay device attached to the belayer's harness.
The belay device runs the rope through a series of sharp curves that, when
operated properly, greatly increase the friction and stop the rope from
At the top of the pitch, the leader sets up a secure anchor or belay. Now
the leader belays while the belayer climbs. The second climber removes the
gear from the rock (traditional climbing) or removes the carabiner from the
bolted hanger (sport climbing). Both climbers are now at the top of the
pitch with all their equipment. Note that the second is protected from above
while climbing, but the leader is not, so being the leader is more
challenging and dangerous. It is very dangerous for new climbers.
Rock Climbing Types
aid climbing and free climbing.
Aid climbing involves using artificial devices placed in the rock either as
hand and footholds or to support body weight in other ways.
Free climbing requires that the climber use only natural features of the
rock as hand and footholds. Free climbing may be further subdivided as
Traditional lead climbing, or "Trad lead climbing", uses removable
protection. The climbing team begins at the bottom of a climb and ascends to
the top, with the leader placing protective devices in the rock as he or she
climbs. This approach emphasizes the exploratory aspect of the sport and
requiring a certain amount of boldness. Trad leading is considered by many
to be the cleanest style, as the climber to follow the leader, called the
cleaner, removes the protective devices and leaves but marginal traces (if
any at all) of their passage.
Sport lead climbing involves the use of pre-placed, permanent bolts for
protection. This frees the leader from carrying excessive gear - he merely
clips in to the bolts with quick draws. However, permanent protective
devices, like bolts and fixed pitons, are subject to dislodgement or decay
over time and thus may become an insidious hazard for a leader.
Top rope climbing, or top-roping, involves suspending a rope from an anchor
located at the top of a short climb. The climber is then safeguarded by his
belayer who holds the rope either at the top of the route or at the base of
Bouldering may be described as climbing short, severe routes on boulders or
small outcrops. While safety ropes from above are occasionally used, most
boulderers feel that the most ethical form of protection is a bouldering mat
or pad similar to those used by gymnasts. In addition, other climbers
standing on the ground may "spot" the boulderer, to help break his fall.
Indoor climbing is a form of climbing that can involve bouldering, top
roping, and leading in an indoor environment on wood or plastic holds. For
most it will be the easiest way to begin the sport.
Free solo climbing: Usually describes free climbing without a rope or other
Rock Climbing Tour
Amin Brak Encounter (11 Days)