Larkana, after Karachi, is the largest city on the west
bank of river Indus in Sindh. The city is located in upper Sindh at a
distance of about 85 km south west of sukkur. Important towns in the
vicinity of Larkana include Dokri, Naudero, Ratodero, Qambar, Bakrani,
Shahdadkot, Badah and Miro Khan.
'Hujaee nano ta ghum Larkano' if you have the money, then visit Larkana.
That's one of the most popular idioms by which Larkana has been described
right from its existence. Known to be a poetic city with a romantic aura in
the air, Larkana projected a loving feeling despite the fact that it lacked
the beauty or precision seen in Shikarpur or Karachi. Larkana has been
famous for the Guawa fruit production. But above and all these descriptions,
Larkana derives its historical importance from the fact that it is the
actual cradle in Sindh to the mother of all civilisations, namely 'Moen-jo-Daro'
or the mound of the Dead, which is located in the vicinity of Larkana.
Larkana was founded about 300y ago by a a tribe of Sindh called "Laraks" on
the banks of the Ghaad Waah, which was dug at the behest of the kalhora
rulers, it had fruit and flower garden along it and in time settlers lile
the sailors from 'Laar' came and settled down here which got the place
This place actually progressed under the British rule in the early
20thcentury and went to be the headquarter of the province in 1901 AD with
its main towns being Nao Deroo Qamber and Rato Dero. Larkana got status of
Muncipal Committeee in 1855 AD. With the completion of the Sukkur Barrage in
1931 towards the west of Larkano was the Dadu Canal and in the east the Rice
Canal which went on to become a place for cultural gatherings in the initial
days but with the onset of the Rice Canal the Ghaad Waah started drying up
and the place lost its charm.
This place has been often referred to as the 'Eden of Sind' or 'Shiraz of
Sind' or even Bang-e-Anam' which led to it being known as the Garden City.
This probably came about on the basis of the numerous garden that were there
in the city, the most famous being the 'Tajar Baugh' and 'Gyan Baugh' apart
from 'Tolani Baugh', 'Riyali Baugh', Baaey-jo-Baugh', Thanwar Baugh','
Karamam Baugh', 'Lahori Baugh', 'Dharami Baugh', 'Lekhraj Baugh'. Amongst
these gardens the mangoes from Tolani Baugh and the beir from Dharami Baugh
were famous throughout the world and much in demand. Two public parks also
adorned the city namely 'Bolus Park' which was used for political and social
gatherings and 'Mazdoor Park' which was a open air study place for the
The city of Larkana falls within a plains of Indus Valley stretching from
north to south. The average mean maximum and minimum temperatures during
summer are 48 oC and 33 oC respectively. During winter the average mean
maximum and minimum temperatures are 21 oC and 11 oC respectively.The
average annnual precipitation is 115 mm and humidity between 40% to 60%.
Larkana city is divided into three parts having tow physical barriers i.e.
railway line and Rice Canal. The old town is located towards east of railway
line which is densly populated and has already developed as a commercial and
retail center. This part comprises Qafila Sirai, Ali Goharabad, Galib Nagar,
Surahia Padhar, Kadri Muhalla, Ghareeb Mukaam, Leelaabad, Karma Bagh, Daree
Muhalla, Gajanpure, Murad Wahan, Allahabad, Zulifiquar Bagh, Jinnah Bagh.
The second part of the city is between railway line and Rice canal towards
the west of the old town. Main buildings and muhalla's in this part are
Circuit House, Sir Shahnawaz Library, Chandka Medical College, Chandka
Medical Hospital, SP office, DC office, High Court, Pilot Scondary School,
STN TV station, Boys Degree College, Lahorri Muhalla, Peoples Colony,
Third part is located between Rice canal and on both sides of Ghar Wah, noth
west of the town. Newly developed Muncipal housing Colony, Shaikh Zaid
Woman's Hospital, Comminsionerate building, District Jail, Childrens'
Hospital, Dirctor Education, Larkan FM Radio station, Shaikh Zaid Colony,
Police training center