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Larkana

FACT FILE:

Geographical Location:

27o 33' 40.4"
68o 12' 30.8"

Physical Location:

Sind Province Pakistan

Population:

Altitude:

167 feet

Best Time to Visit:

October to May

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Larkana, after Karachi, is the largest city on the west bank of river Indus in Sindh. The city is located in upper Sindh at a distance of about 85 km south west of sukkur. Important towns in the vicinity of Larkana include Dokri, Naudero, Ratodero, Qambar, Bakrani, Shahdadkot, Badah and Miro Khan.
'Hujaee nano ta ghum Larkano' if you have the money, then visit Larkana. That's one of the most popular idioms by which Larkana has been described right from its existence. Known to be a poetic city with a romantic aura in the air, Larkana projected a loving feeling despite the fact that it lacked the beauty or precision seen in Shikarpur or Karachi. Larkana has been famous for the Guawa fruit production. But above and all these descriptions, Larkana derives its historical importance from the fact that it is the actual cradle in Sindh to the mother of all civilisations, namely 'Moen-jo-Daro' or the mound of the Dead, which is located in the vicinity of Larkana.
Larkana was founded about 300y ago by a a tribe of Sindh called "Laraks" on the banks of the Ghaad Waah, which was dug at the behest of the kalhora rulers, it had fruit and flower garden along it and in time settlers lile the sailors from 'Laar' came and settled down here which got the place christened Larkana.

This place actually progressed under the British rule in the early 20thcentury and went to be the headquarter of the province in 1901 AD with its main towns being Nao Deroo Qamber and Rato Dero. Larkana got status of Muncipal Committeee in 1855 AD. With the completion of the Sukkur Barrage in 1931 towards the west of Larkano was the Dadu Canal and in the east the Rice Canal which went on to become a place for cultural gatherings in the initial days but with the onset of the Rice Canal the Ghaad Waah started drying up and the place lost its charm.
This place has been often referred to as the 'Eden of Sind' or 'Shiraz of Sind' or even Bang-e-Anam' which led to it being known as the Garden City. This probably came about on the basis of the numerous garden that were there in the city, the most famous being the 'Tajar Baugh' and 'Gyan Baugh' apart from 'Tolani Baugh', 'Riyali Baugh', Baaey-jo-Baugh', Thanwar Baugh',' Karamam Baugh', 'Lahori Baugh', 'Dharami Baugh', 'Lekhraj Baugh'. Amongst these gardens the mangoes from Tolani Baugh and the beir from Dharami Baugh were famous throughout the world and much in demand. Two public parks also adorned the city namely 'Bolus Park' which was used for political and social gatherings and 'Mazdoor Park' which was a open air study place for the budding students.
Climate
The city of Larkana falls within a plains of Indus Valley stretching from north to south. The average mean maximum and minimum temperatures during summer are 48 oC and 33 oC respectively. During winter the average mean maximum and minimum temperatures are 21 oC and 11 oC respectively.The average annnual precipitation is 115 mm and humidity between 40% to 60%.

Larkana city is divided into three parts having tow physical barriers i.e. railway line and Rice Canal. The old town is located towards east of railway line which is densly populated and has already developed as a commercial and retail center. This part comprises Qafila Sirai, Ali Goharabad, Galib Nagar, Surahia Padhar, Kadri Muhalla, Ghareeb Mukaam, Leelaabad, Karma Bagh, Daree Muhalla, Gajanpure, Murad Wahan, Allahabad, Zulifiquar Bagh, Jinnah Bagh.

The second part of the city is between railway line and Rice canal towards the west of the old town. Main buildings and muhalla's in this part are Circuit House, Sir Shahnawaz Library, Chandka Medical College, Chandka Medical Hospital, SP office, DC office, High Court, Pilot Scondary School, STN TV station, Boys Degree College, Lahorri Muhalla, Peoples Colony, Doctors Colony.
Third part is located between Rice canal and on both sides of Ghar Wah, noth west of the town. Newly developed Muncipal housing Colony, Shaikh Zaid Woman's Hospital, Comminsionerate building, District Jail, Childrens' Hospital, Dirctor Education, Larkan FM Radio station, Shaikh Zaid Colony, Police training center

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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