Federal Islamic Republic since 1973. Gained
independence from the UK in 1947. Head of State: General Pervez
Musharraf since 2001.
Head of Government: Following a military coup
in October 1999, General Pervez Musharraf took over as the leader of the new
military regime. Prime Minister; Shoukat Aziz.
Urdu is the national language. English is widely
spoken. Regional languages include Punjabi, which is spoken by 48 per cent
of the population (1981), Pushto, Sindhi, Saraiki, and Baluchi. There are
numerous local dialects.
Ninety-seven per cent Muslim, the remainder are Hindu
Time : GMT + 5.
220 volts AC, 50Hz. Round two- or three-pin plugs are in use.
Telephone : IDD
is available. Country code: 92. Outgoing international code: 00.
Mobile Telephone :
GSM 900 networks available.
Main network providers include Warid, Telenor, Ufone, Paktel, Mobilink and
Pak Telecom. Coverage is largely limited to cities.
Fax : Services
are operated by the Pakistan telephone and telegraph department.
Main ISPs include cybernet
and Pak Net (website :
Internet cafes exist in main urban areas.
Telegram: There are
services at post offices, telegraph offices and main hotels. The Central
Telegraph Offices provide a 24-hour service.
Banks: ANZ Grindlays Bank, Citi Bank, Bank Alfalah,
Standard Chartered Bank, American Express Bank, Muslim Commercial Bank,
Habib Bank, United Bank, Union Bank
ATM: Visa Electron,
Post : Airmail
takes four to five days to reach Western Europe. There are poste restante
facilities in Lahore, Karachi and Rawalpindi. General post offices in major
cities offer 24-hour services. Important letters should be registered or
insured. Major cities have Fedex and DHL services.
Press : Dailies
include The Financial Post, The Leader, The Pakistan Observer, The Pakistan
Times, The Star, The Nation, The News, The Frontier Post, The Muslim, The
Business Recorder and Dawn.
BBC World Service (website:
and Voice of America (website :
can be received. From time to time the frequencies change and the most
up-to-date can be found online.